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Mount Rushmore

Közzétéve ekkor: 2019. június 4. 07:01

Mount Rushmore is located in the Black Hills of Keystone, South Dakota. The sculpture of four famous presidents—George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln—was carved into the granite rock face over many decades.

Mount Rushmore National Park was the brainchild of Doane Robinson, known as the “Father of Mount Rushmore.” His goal was to create an attraction that would draw people from all over the country to his state. Robinson contacted Gutzon Borglum, the sculptor who was working on the monument at Stone Mountain, Georgia.

Why these four presidents?

Gutzon Borglum selected these four presidents because from his perspective, they represented the most important events in the history of the United States. Would another artist at that time, or perhaps a modern artist choose differently?

Although Borglum had begun the sculpture on Stone Mountain, Georgia, he never finished it. He left on bad terms, and his work was cleared away from the mountain face. Another sculptor, Augustus Lukeman, was called in to finish the work.  It took about 14 years to carve the monument. The carving began in 1927 and stopped in 1941.

Where the name comes from?

The mountain took its name—incredibly—from a New York attorney there on business who asked the name of the location. A local man with the group looking at the mountain informed him that it didn’t have a name but said, “We will name it now, and name it Rushmore Peak,” according to a letter from Charles Rushmore, the lawyer who was in the area for a client researching a mine.

Over the decades, Mount Rushmore has grown in fame as a symbol of America. It is a symbol of freedom and hope for people from all cultures and backgrounds.


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